Oxford is saying no to Shell’s whitewashing

TAKE ACTION: support the Fuel Quality Directive; call on the County and City Councils to go Fossil-Free; call on Oxford University to go Fossil-Free

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Update: shortly after we started our leafleting and banner holding, there was some commotion from within the Shell trailer. A little later loads of police arrived, and shut the trailer as a crime scene (see left). This is what happened. As a result police stopped anyone from approaching Shell’s recruitment stall, in effect doing the job of protesters who had gathered to dissuade students from signing up to Shell’s whitewash of a competition.

Update #2: two days later, Shell were at the Earth Sciences department, with a Formula 1 car (yes, we were just as gob-smacked when we heard about it). You can read what went down over here.

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As part of its recruitment events Shell – one of the most destructive companies in the world today – will be back in Oxford, on Broad Street, trying to recruit students to their global ‘Shell Ideas360’ competition.

This competition is a classic example of a company trying to whitewash its image, and achieve social acceptability, while doing nothing substantial about changing the way it conducts its business. To counteract such whitewashing, a group of Tar-Free Oxford campaigners as well as People & Planet’s Fossil Free campaign and Oxford University students will be on Broad Street from 1pm to 2pm talking to the public, and especially to the students Shell are targeting, and letting them know that Shell is:

When last May the Shell-sponsored Geoscience lab in Oxford University’s Earth Sciences department was opened, many of the university’s staff, students and alumni, as well as Oxford residents, have expressed their outrage. This included a letter in the Guardian signed by over 75 staff, students and alumni, including prominent environmentalists Jonathon Porritt, George Monbiot and Jeremy Leggett, Emeritus Fellow of Oxford’s Environmental Change Institute Brenda Boardman, and Director of the Centre for Sustainable Healthcare Rachel Stancliffe. Oxford University Students’ Union also passed an emergency motion to ‘formally oppose’ the partnership.

Then on June 24th, the Oxford City Council passed a motion to declare Oxford a ‘Tar-Free Town’ but now Shell is trying to distract from its involvement in these abuses with a flashy competition, associating itself with bright young people, whilst continuing to ruin their future.

City councillor Sam Hollick (Holywell ward) said:

I am shocked that those responsible on the council have given Shell the go ahead for this event, even after I highlighted how this flies in the face of the council declaring itself a Tar Free City earlier this year. This is a classic attempt at greenwash from Shell. Fossil fuel companies like to seem friendly and concerned about the energy crisis, so hold events like this to ask students for their ideas. Yet they fail to put their money behind the plenty of ideas that already exist, and are only interested in recruiting students to work for their business-as-usual companies.”

Antoine Thalmann, studying for an MPhil in Economics at Oxford University said:

Shell is heavily involved in the production of tar sands, when scientific evidence indicates that doing this means “game over” for the climate, as ex-NASA scientist James Hansen puts it, implying a very bad future for us. I think it is a good enough reason for Oxford University to not have anything to do with this company.”

Ruthi Brandt, Tar-Free Towns campaigner for UK Tar Sands Network, and an Oxford resident said:

As a tar sands campaigner, I constantly see how Shell is not only continuing its destructive ways all over the world, but also actively acts against legislation such as the Fuel Quality Directive which would help Europe reduce its carbon footprint. One of the ways it will do that is by discouraging the imports of carbon-intensive fuels, such as tar sands oil, and therefore will affect Shell’s profits. And, that – not a viable future – is the only thing they really care about. To then see this same Shell being welcomed in the centre of Oxford, free to whitewash its image, is very frustrating. Especially after Oxford became the first Tar-Free Town in Europe!”

Oxford Becomes Europe’s First ‘Tar-Free City’

Council discussing the Tar-Free motion. Photo by James Atherton

June 25, 2013: Yesterday evening, in a near-unanimous vote, Oxford City Council declared itself a ‘Tar-Free City‘ by voting in favour of a motion (see below) tabled by Green Party councillor Sam Hollick. This makes Oxford the first city in Europe to reject the use of highly-polluting tar sands oil, by adjusting the policies governing the procurement of fuel to the Council for municipal use. It comes as Europe faces the real possibility of tar sands oil being imported in large quantities for the first time.

The Canadian tar sands are the largest energy project on earth, and oil companies are increasingly turning to this ‘unconventional’ source of fuel. However, tar sands oil has been labelled ‘game over for the climate‘ by leading climate scientist James Hansen, due to its highly carbon-intensive extraction process and vast reserves. Locally, new extraction projects are being opposed by First Nations suffering ill-effects on their health, livelihoods and traditions – such as the Athabasca Chipewyan First Nation and the Beaver Lake Cree. There are also strong opposition movements to opening up the tar sands to new markets, including Europe, via pipelines such as the Keystone XL in the States and the Enbridge Northern Gateway in British Columbia. For peer-reviewed facts and figures on the true impact of the tar sands, see tarsandsrealitycheck.com.

Oxford’s announcement will boost attempts by the EU to pass a piece of climate legislation labelling tar sands-derived oil as more polluting than conventional oil. Known as the ‘Fuel Quality Directive’, it would strongly discourage future large-scale imports of the fuel, and as a result is being bitterly opposed by Canada and the oil industry. A vote is expected later this year.

The Fuel Quality Directive (FQD) aims to reduce greenhouse gas emissions from the European transport sector by 6% by 2020. This legislation will see oil imports being labelled according to their carbon intensity. Tar sands oil, which the EU has calculated is 23% more carbon-intensive throughout its entire lifecycle than conventional oil, should be labelled as such. This measure would therefore discourage tar sands imports into Europe by making them less profitable than cleaner fuels, and is being aggressively lobbied against by the Canadian government and oil companies such as Shell and BP

Yesterday’s vote by Oxford’s City Council highlights the growing resistance to impending imports of these dirty fuels, and is evidence that people in the UK support their elected officials in taking strong action on climate change now. Oxford joined a growing list of US cities and towns (see full list here) which have declared themselves to be ‘Tar-Free’ and several major US companies who have also vowed to stop using tar sands oil in their vehicle fleet.

Ruthi Brandt of Tar-Free Oxford and UK Tar Sands Network said: “This is very exciting! Oxford is now the first city in the UK, and in the whole of Europe, to have formally rejected dirty tar sands oil. We hope that soon Europe as a whole will stop tar sands from being imported by passing the Fuel Quality Directive. The Tar-Free Oxford group has received a lot of support from people in the city, and I am proud to live in such a forward-thinking community.”

Miranda Shaw of Tar-Free Oxford said: “We are part of a growing global movement fighting to keep the tar sands in the ground, and I am very happy to see our beloved Oxford is leading the way to a more sustainable future. Europe doesn’t need this extreme energy source, which is responsible for so much destruction, and our Council understands that we need to embrace clean, green fuels if we are to have a chance of stopping runaway climate change. I hope other towns and cities will follow Oxford’s lead and take a stand.”

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The full wording of the motion:

This council notes that: Canada’s tar sands are the biggest energy project in the world. Already, millions of barrels of tar sands oil have been extracted from the Canadian wilderness, decimating the landscape and producing 3.2 to 4.5 times more greenhouse gas emissions than conventional oil extraction (as calculated for example by the US Government’s National Energy Technology Laboratory). Nearby First Nations communities are also being devastated by the loss of their traditional lands and access to food and medicine. In 2008, Alberta Health confirmed a 30 per cent rise of cancer rates between 1995 – 2006 in Fort Chipewyan, a nearby community.

Although tar sands oil hasn’t yet arrived in the UK insignificant quantities, its large-scale import is highly likely as Canada attempts to find new markets for export. Opening up Europe and the UK to tar sands would be a green light for more reckless expansion of this huge industry.

This council also notes that: the City Council’s Carbon Management Plan states that the council “places environmental sustainability and carbon reduction at the heart of everything that the Council does”, and believes that an important part of the city’s responsibility in “provid[ing] wider leadership…in reducing the overall carbon footprint of the City” is rejecting tar sands for the carbon-intensive fuel that they are.

This council therefore resolves to:

1. Rejects tar sands as an acceptable source of liquid fuel, and declare Oxford a ‘Tar Free City’;

2. Include measures in its future liquid fuels procurement policies which will ensure that tar sands will not be part of the fuel mix it purchases for its vehicle and plant fleet.

Oxford City Council to vote on ‘Tar-Free Oxford’ motion, a UK first

**With a few days to go before the council vote, now is the time to sign the petition, and share it on Facebook and Twitter**

This Monday, June 24th, the Oxford City Council will vote on a motion submitted by Green Party councillor Sam Hollick called ‘Tar-Free Oxford’. This motion will see Oxford declaring itself a ‘Tar-Free Town’, and rejecting the use of tar sands oil by adjusting the policies governing the procurement of fuel to the Council.

The Canadian tar sands have been called ‘game over for the climate’ by top climate scientist James Hansen, due to the vast potential reserves of this unconventional fuel, and its carbon-intensive extraction process. Locally, new extraction projects are being opposed by First Nations suffering their ill-effects, such as the Athabasca Chipewyan First Nation and the Beaver Lake Cree. There are strong opposition movements to opening up the tar sands to new markets via pipelines such as the Keystone XL in the States and the Enbridge Northern Gateway in British Columbia. For peer-reviewed facts and figures on the true impact of the tar sands, see tarsandsrealitycheck.com.

With the large-scale imports of tar sands oil into the UK and Europe possibly imminent, the time is ripe for local communities to actively reject this dirty form of energy. These communities will join a growing list of American cities and towns – mainly in the US states of Vermont, Maine and Massachusetts (see full list here) – which have declared themselves to be ‘Tar-Free’, rejecting tar sands oil from their communities. Two of these have also specifically adopted resolutions which deal with bans on purchasing tar sands fuel. These cities (Burlington, Vermont and Bellingham, Washington) join a growing list of major US companies who have also vowed to stop using tar sands oil in their vehicle fleet.

Ruthi Brandt of Tar-Free Oxford and UK Tar Sands Network said: “This is very exciting, since if the motion passes, Oxford will be the first city in the UK, and possibly in the whole of Europe, to have rejected this dirty oil from the tar sands. The Tar-Free Oxford group has received a lot of support from people in the city, and I am proud to be part of such a forward-thinking community.”

Miranda Shaw of Tar-Free Oxford said: “We are very proud to be part of a global movement fighting to keep the tar sands in the ground. Europe doesn’t want this extreme energy source, which is responsible for so much destruction, and I hope that our beloved Oxford will lead the way to a more sustainable future”.

Canadian High Commissioner’s Visit to Oxford Tarred by Local Protest

Friday March 8th, 2013

Oxford, UK- Canadian High Commissioner to the UK, Gordon Campbell, was greeted with protests at Oxford University on Friday. Local community members held a banner which read “Keep Tar Sands out of Europe” at the entrance to Lady Margaret Hall as Campbell arrived to deliver a seminar at the college. “Canada is promoting tar sands oil as a clean and ethical energy source, when we know that the exact opposite is the case,” said Suzanne Dhaliwal, from the UK Tar Sands Network. “Entire ecosystems are being destroyed and communities are being devastated in order to extract this highly polluting source of oil.”

Campbell, the former premier of British Columbia, has been on a persistent campaign to promote Canadian tar sands in Europe as a source of ‘ethical and green oil’ since 2011. The aggressive lobbying has backfired with Gordon Campbell having noted that “Brand Canada” has been internationally damaged by attempts to sell tar sands oil at all costs.

The protest was organized by Tar-Free Oxford a group of concerned citizens, local businesspeople, students and climate campaigners. The group are concerned about Canada’s relentless lobbying against a key piece of EU climate policy, the Fuel Quality Directive, which aims to reduce imports of highly polluting fuels such as tar sands and synthetic oil from coal into Europe. Despite the group’s protest being peaceful, there was an excessive police presence throughout with some members being warned of possible arrest before the talk had even begun.

The High Commissioner was put on the defensive by a series of questions from both British and Canadian students invoking Canada’s refusal to acknowledge opposition on tar sands. “Brand Canada” took another bash when one speaker admitted to being “embarrassed” by Canada’s persistent undermining of both domestic and international climate legislation. Campbell was clearly uncomfortable when pushed on the Idle No More uprisings and reacted aggressively to challenges from another member of the audience regarding the need to radically change overall energy use patterns.

“Canada is no longer the progressive, green nation we thought it was, despite Campbell’s claims. It is becoming an aggressive petro-state,” said Oxford student Chris Peterson. “Despite Campbell’s involvement in EU lobbying, he implied that the Fuel Quality Directive doesn’t impact the economic viability of the tar sands. I asked him why he had been lobbying so hard if that was the case but that question remained unanswered as he was led away to dinner.”

Although current imports of tar sands oil into the UK are minimal, European markets are key to expanding Canada’s tar sands operations. The UK government has been a close ally of the Canadian government, defending the interests of BP and Shell, who have significant investments in the Canadian tar sands.

The Canadian government has failed to adequately address the concerns of First Nations communities impacted by tar sands operations. As a result they have had to bring their concerns to an international audience. First Nations leader, Bill Erasmus was in Berlin on Thursday raising awareness about the impacts of tar sands in Northern Canada and supported the European Commission’s effort to label fuels from tar sands deposits as highly polluting under the FQD.

“I stand in solidarity with the communities who are being impacted by the development of tar sands” said Oxford resident and college alumnus Ruthi Brandt. “I am outraged at the aggressive lobbying Canada and its representatives are engaged in, which is hindering European attempts to do the right thing and reduce greenhouse gas emissions. The UK government should act for the future of its citizens, not for the benefit of the Canadian government and the oil industry.”

 

Canadian and British student challenge Canada’s performance on climate and human rights

 

 

 

The Oil Road: A Journey from the Caspian to the City

**Please note – this event has been rescheduled, and will now be held on January 22nd, 2013**

Tar Free Oxford is delighted to host Platform for an interactive workshop exploring how the drive to control oil reserves – and hence people and events – has shattered environments and shaped societies, and how we can change direction.

When : Tuesday, January 22, 7:15pm

Where : Oxford Hub,The Turl Street Kitchen (16-17 Turl Street, OX1 3DH Oxford). In the Events Space on the first floor

What : Europe imports more oil & gas than the US, China and India combined – driving war, pollution and poverty. This massive daily intake of fossil fuels relies on a web of pipelines, tanker routes and gas terminals – as well as military force, strong-arm diplomacy and corporate capitalism. From BP executives to Somali pirates, bureaucrats in Brussels to revolutionaries in Egypt, these structures are constantly defended and contested. We’ll explore BP’s pipeline from the Caspian, militarised gas grids and oil company lobbying for new warships in the midst of the cuts. In an interactive and participatory workshop we will search for pathways towards dismantling our current energy reality and replacing it with alternative energy futures.

The Facebook event page can be found here. Feel free to join and to invite your friends!

Launching Tar Free Oxford

When : Sunday, August 5th, 4pm – 8pm

Where : Friends Meeting House (Garden Room),43 St Giles, OX1 3LW

What: Learn more about the Canadian Tar Sands, and take part in shaping Tar Free Oxford!

Do you live in Oxfordshire? Do you really want to do something about those damned tar sands, but not sure what you can do all the way from over here? Well now is your chance to get involved!

We are starting a group of local people who want to take action on a local level and show the solidarity with front line communities. The launch will start with a  screening of the excellent, one-hour long, Taking on Tarmageddon followed by a short general intro to Tar Sands.  We will then break into small groups (Open Space style) to brainstorm and discuss what we want to do as Tar Free Oxford. Don’t worry if you don’t know what Open Space is, all will be explained… If you’ve already seen the film, you are welcome to join us at 5pm. Of course, you are also very welcome to see it again!

In the meantime, you can join the new Tar Free Oxford Facebook group and/or the Facebook event for the launch.

 

What is Tar Free Oxford?

What is Tar Free Oxford?

That’s up to you! Because all groups have different skills, priorities and opportunities, there is no absolute blueprint for being a Tar-Free Town. Which is why there will be an open meeting on August 5th to discuss whether Oxford should be declared a Tar-Free Town, and what it will mean.

We need as many people on board as possible, so please sign up for our newsletter, or just drop us a line at info@no-tar-sands.org, so we can let you know exactly when and where this meeting will be!

Tar Monster caught by climate campaigners on the Streets of Oxford

 

Tar Monster caught by climate campaigners on the Streets of Oxford

Oxford Joins Global Demonstration to “Connect the Dots” Between Extreme Weather and Climate Change

Today, May 5th 2012 a Tar Monster was on the loose in Cornmarket Street as part of an international day of action on climate change. The tar monster was caught by a dozen campaigners who called to stop the extraction of Canadian Tar Sands and connected the dots between extreme energy projects and extreme weather events.

Tar sands fuel releases three to five more greenhouse emissions that conventional oil and is driving the planet to irreversible climate change.” said Pete Barker, one of the organisers of the Oxford event said, “Rather than making the transition to renewable forms of energy we are seeing more and more extreme energy in the mix like tar sands, which is creating extreme weather and is already impacting on communities globally.”

The creative demonstration was a combination of “Climate Impacts Day,” an effort led by international climate campaign350.org which has brought together over 1,000 events in 150 countries [1], and International Stop the Tar Sands Day, a grassroots initiative raising awareness about the dangers of tar sands exploitation [2]. It was organised by local 350.org and tar sands activists in collaboration with Lush store in Oxford, and was supported by the UK Tar Sands Network [3], who is calling on Oxford to become one of the first Tar Free Towns in the UK [4].

People have got to realise that climate change is happening right now, and if we don’t rapidly transition from away from extreme forms of energy extraction like mining tar sands or drilling in the Arctic, soon it will be too late to avoid runaway climate change” said tar sands and climate campaigner Ruthi Brandt 

NOTES:

[1] Climate Impacts Day is hosted by 350.org, an international grassroots climate campaign. Today, over 1,000 events in 150 countries “connect the dots” between local changes, like extreme weather events, and the broader climate crisis. Visit www.climatedots.org for more information about Climate Impacts Day.

 [2] International Stop the Tar Sands Day is highlighting how industry is going to more and more extreme lengths to get fuel for the world’s fossil fuel addiction by drilling deeper and deeper for more and more difficult to extract oil and gas resources. Growing from 9 events in 2010 to fifty in 2011, today was the 3rd ISTSDay, organised by a group of everyday citizens from around the world.

 [3] The UK Tar Sands Network campaigns in partnership with Indigenous communities affected by the Tar Sands oil developments in Canada. They target the UK and EU governments, UK companies (such as BP and Shell), and banks and investors (such as RBS) operating in the Alberta Tar Sands. It is based in Oxford.

 [4] A Tar-Free Town is a community that is working towards a vision of clean energy, and is setting out to actively make the positive transition away from dirty oil. The idea came from a desire to connect people in the UK with communities fighting Tar Sands in Canada. Similar initiatives in the US were successful in blocking tar sands oil entirely from individual municipalities. Although Tar Sands oil hasn’t yet arrived in the UK in significant quantities, its large-scale import is potentially very close and the battle to shut Tar Sands out of the UK market is taking place right now.

[5] More about the tar sands in Alberta, Canada –

 It is the biggest energy project in the world and extracting oil from the sand is an incredibly damaging process, both to the natural environment and the people that live there. Tar sands have such high carbon intensity that if extraction continues, all attempts to hold global temperature below 2 degrees to avoid the most severe climate change impacts will be inevitable. Although at this stage very few tons of tar sands get shipped over to Europe the issue cannot be ignored as the EU has to decide if they will allow for more and more dirty tar sands to be shipped to Europe. EU countries recently voted on the Fuel Quality Directive, which would classify tar sands to be more environmentally damaging than conventional fuels. If passed this policy would have kept tar sands oil out of Europe. But, the vote resulted in a stalemate. The decision is now delayed until 2013 as the European Commission will conduct an impact assessment for the proposal, asked by European oil corporations, which are heavily lobbying EU member states along with Canada.

 

Baker targeted by constituents for blocking climate action

‘Tar Monster’ roams Lewes as protesters urge Baker to support EU Fuel Quality Directive

Friday 25th November – For immediate release

On Saturday 26th November, a giant Tar Monster, produced by Friends of the Earth, the UK Tar Sands Network and South Coast Climate Camp, roamed the streets of Lewes. The monster highlighted the role of local MP Norman Baker in opposing action to cut the use of tar sands oil, the world’s most polluting transport fuel [1].

“We are aware that the Canadian tar sands industry is an ecological monster [2]. Fuel derived from tar sands comes at a very high price to the environment, to communities that live near extraction, and to the global climate,” said Lewes constituent Mark Mansbridge. “Gladly, the EU has moved towards labelling tar sands as more polluting than conventional oil [3]. You think this would be a welcome move for Baker, a self-styled environmentalist, however we are instead seeing him align with the Canadian government to derail the EU legislation.”

The Canadian government has been engaged in a mammoth lobbying offensive [4] against the Fuel Quality Directive (FQD) for over two years, and has now openly vowed war [5] on the legislation, claiming that it threatens future export markets for global unconventional oil, and unfairly discriminates against the tar sands. In recent months, as the decision now goes to EU member states, the UK government has escalated its support of the Canadian position, going so far as to lobby other EU states to reject the inclusion of tar sands in the FQD [6]. As minister responsible for the UK position [7], Norman Baker has been the focus of intensive campaigning on this issue by NGOs and climate campaigners for recent months [8].

“A coalition of international NGOs, community groups and climate campaigners have been urging Baker to stop blocking the inclusion of a higher tar sands value,” commented UK Tar Sands Network campaigner Suzanne Dhaliwal. “Baker insists he is trying to help the environment [9], arguing that the proposed legislation singles out tar sands and should be delayed until more data is available about other fuel sources. But this is a bogus argument, inherited from the Canadian government. The Commission’s current proposal has already given values to other unconventional fuel sources, and contains a clause to include more fuel types as the science becomes available. Baker needs to realise that there is no time to delay – this legislation needs to come into effect as soon as possible.”

Now the pressure to stop caving in to the interests of the Canadian tar sands industry is coming closer to home. Earlier this week the local Lush store-front displayed an image of Norman Baker dripping in tar sands oil [10]. “Norman Baker was right behind setting up Transition Town Lewes and supporting climate activists.” said Mansbridge. “We have felt betrayed by Norman’s position on the Fuel Quality Directive. If he continues to call for tar sands to not be labelled as highly polluting he will be putting the interests of the Canadian tar sands industry and corporations ahead of his constituents, who want affirmative action on climate change.”

Lewes’ Green Party has expressed concern that Norman Baker is trying to prevent the implementation of the transport legislation given his previous commitment to the environment [11]. “We need our government to be taking decisive action to reduce emissions from fuels. The Fuel Quality Directive will move industry towards a green economy to provide us with jobs we can be proud of and renewable energy for future generations,” said councillor Susan Murray. “Tar sands are a highly polluting source of carbon-based fuel and if production is encouraged by unimpeded access to European markets then the fight against irreversible climate change is as good as lost [12].”

ENDS

Photos up here – High res images available upon request

Notes for editors:
[1] Minister for Transport, Norman Baker, stated the UK government will oppose an inclusion of a tar sands value. http://www.guardian.co.uk/environment/2011/oct/04/oil-sands-imports-eu-ban?newsfeed=true
[2] See www.no-tar-sands.org/what-are-the-tar-sands
[3] The Fuel Quality Directive aims to cut carbon emissions from transport by 6% by 2020. The directive includes values for a range of transport fuels including shale oil. http://www.reuters.com/article/2011/10/04/eu-tarsands-idUSL5E7L41ST20111004
[4] See ‘Canada’s dirty lobby diary – Undermining the EU Fuel Quality Directive’ released by Friends of the Earth Europe http://www.foeeurope.org/publications/2011/FOEE_Report_Tar_Sands_Lobby_Final_July82011.pdf
[5] The Minister has vowed to fight the EUs’ recent decision http://www.canada.com/business/Oliver+vows+fight+smacks+oilsands+with+pollution+penalty/5501777/story.html
[6] http://priceofoil.org/2011/09/27/britain-backs-canada-over-tar-sands-fight/
[7] Norman Baker is Parliamentary Under-Secretary of State for the Department for Transport.
[8] e.g. from the Co-operative Bank http://www.co-operative.coop/toxicfuels
[9] http://www.normanbaker.org.uk/pr/2011/111124_lush.htm
[10] https://phoenix.lush.co.uk/content/view/2855 Norman Baker, MP: TARNISHED- Blowing his chance to keep dirty tar sands oil out of Europe
[11] In opposition, Norman Baker sponsored a Parliamentary Early Day Motion stating that tar sands cause “deforestation and pollution which threatens the lives and livelihoods of indigenous communities” and “that the continued expansion of tar sands extraction is incompatible with the emissions reductions needed to avoid catastrophic climate change” – see http://www.parliament.uk/edm/2009-10/1055
[12] NASA Scientist James Hansen has said that irreversible climate change is inevitable if all the oil in Canada’s tar sands is burned http://www.guardian.co.uk/commentisfree/cifamerica/2009/feb/17/barack-obama-canada-climate-change

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